Show content of Grünewald, Siegfried

first name(s), surname: Siegfried Grünewald
day of birth: 20.07.1877
birthplace: Frankfurt am Main
day of death: 17.06.1943
place of death: Frankfurt am Main
photo / document:
Grünewald_Siegfried_300 Siegfried Grünewald 1931
Grünewald, Siegfried_letter_300 Note from the Frankfurt branch dated 2 June 1933: "I have informed Mr Grünewald that it has been decided to retire him at the end of the year and that he is therefore on leave. This information came as a surprise to Mr Grünewald and, as he still had a school-age child, he asked the head office to intercede for his retirement to be postponed by one year. I did not give Mr Grünewald any hope in this matter."
(HADB, P03/G0521)
life: The son of a beer merchant spent his entire life in Frankfurt am Main. After an apprenticeship in the private banking house Gebrüder Neustadt from 1892 to 1894, he was employed there until 1907, before joining the Disconto-Gesellschaft, for which, interrupted only by military service in the First World War, he remained active even after its merger with Deutsche Bank until his forced retirement at the end of 1933. His marriage to a non-Jewish woman saved him from deportation.
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 12.01.1907
end of employment: 31.12.1933
career: 12.01.1907 - 1910 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (correspondence department)
1910 - 1913 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (securities department)
1913 - 1916 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (cashier of city sub branches)
1918 - 1920 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (head of securities department)
1920 - 1924 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (head of city sub branch Mainzer Landstraße)
1924 - 1928 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (head of city sub branch Konstablerwache)
01.04.1928 attorney
1928 - 29.10.1929 Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (supervisor of all Frankfurt city sub branches)
29.10.1929 - 31.12.1933 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft, Frankfurt branch (supervisor of all Frankfurt city sub branches)
last known address: Frankfurt am Main, Eschersheimer Landstraße 132
archival sources: HADB, P03/G0400; HADB, P03/G0509; HADB P03/G0521

Show content of Heidenfeld, Richard

first name(s), surname: Richard Heidenfeld
day of birth: 14.03.1882
birthplace: Gleiwitz (Gliwice)
day of death: 27.05.1954
place of death: London
photo / document:
Heidenfeld-Richard--Foto--300 Richard Heidenfeld 1930
Heidenfeld-Richard--Brief--300 Transcript of a letter from Richard Heidenfeld to Deutsche Bank dated 3 May 1939, in which he announces his emigration to the USA via Cuba and appoints a proxy for his business affairs in Germany. Contrary to these plans, Heidenfeld emigrates to London with his wife. (HADB, P02/H0364)

Richard Heidenfeld was born in 1882 as the son of the factory owner Isaac Heidenfeld in Gleiwitz. After an apprenticeship and subsequent employment at the Breslau Disconto Bank in Gleiwitz, he helped to build up the Leipzig branch of the Dresdner Bank from 1909. His work at Dresdner Bank was interrupted by five months of military service in the First World War. In 1922 he was then appointed director of the Disconto-Gesellschaft Leipzig branch, but returned to Leipzig eight years later as branch director. According to a note from the personnel department, not only his good knowledge of the banking centre but also his religion played a role in filling the post of director - the business owners of Disconto-Gesellschaft were also largely of Jewish origin. Shortly afterwards, in the course of the merger of Disconto-Gesellschaft with Deutsche Bank, Heidenfeld was appointed director of the Berlin headquarters of Deutsche Bank and Disconto-Gesellschaft. At the end of 1937, the board of the Deutsche Bank took the decision to dismiss Heidenfeld because of his Jewish origin. As a result, he was given leave of absence in April 1938 and retired early in 1939 at the age of 57. Heidenfeld left Germany in May 1939 with his wife Adelheid by ship, the Iberia, to emigrate to the USA via Cuba. In Cuba, the couple was interned for ten weeks and then sent back to Europe. In this way, the couple arrived in London involuntarily. Although Heidenfeld stuck to his plans to emigrate to the USA, he ultimately remained in London until his death in 1954. He used his Deutsche Bank pension payments to support various family members and his general agent Benno Walter in Germany. From June 1940, the tax office seized his pension payments on the basis of the so-called Judenvermögensabgabe, and in September 1941 his pension was confiscated by the Secret State Police. All of the siblings Eugen, Alfred and Else who were still alive in 1941, as well as his general representative Benno Walter, were murdered in the concentration camps Theresienstadt, Treblinka or Auschwitz.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 01.04.1922 (Disconto-Gesellschaft)
end of employment: 31.03.1939 (suspended since 07.04.1938)
career: 1900 - 1905 Breslau Disconto-Bank Gleiwitz branch (apprenticeship, bank official)
1905 - 1909 Dresdner Bank Berlin branch
1909 - 1922 Dresdner Bank Leipzig branch (established the branch, authorized representative until 1912, attorney until 1919, afterwards head of the department)
1922 - 1929 Disconto-Gesellschaft Danzig branch (director, appointed 08.03.1922)
1929 Disconto-Gesellschaft Leipzig branch
1930 - 1938 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft Berlin head office (director, appointed 29.10.1929)
last known address: Berlin, Xantener Straße 1; (from 03.04.1939) Lietzenburgerstr. 48, Pension Castell
emigration May 1939 to England
archival source: HADB, P02/H0364
literature: Deutsche Bank in Leipzig 1901-2001, p. 70f.

Show content of Heimann, Alfred

first name, surname: Alfred Heimann
day of birth: 20.07.1877
birthplace: Frankfurt am Main
day of death: probably 25.11.1941
place of death: probably Kowno
photo / dokument:
Heimann, Alfred 1901_300 Alfred Heimann 1901
Heimann, Alfred_letter_300 Last letter received from Alfred Heimann to Deutsche Bank Frankfurt branch dated 16 April 1941: "According to your kind letter of 8 April 1941, I respectfully reply that in addition to the pension you have granted me, I do not receive any income from self-employed freelance or non-self-employed work."
(HADB, P03/H0393)
life: Alfred Heimann was an employee at Disconto-Gesellschaft Frankfurt branch from its opening in 1901 until the end of March 1927 (two years later Disconto-Gesellschaft merged with Deutsche Bank). Previously, he had worked for the Frankfurt branch of Rothschild und Söhne, whose business and employees were taken over by Disconto-Gesellschaft in 1901. Since 1904 he had been married to Rosalie, née Kahn, who came from Memmingen. He retired in 1927 at the age of 55 due to a heart disease. At the end of 1927, the couple moved from Frankfurt to Wertheim. In 1939 they moved back to Frankfurt, where they lived in two flats as subtenants for a short time. In November 1941, Alfred and Rosalie Heimann were deported to Riga. The day before, the Frankfurt tax authorities had confiscated their assets "for the benefit of the Reich". However, due to the overcrowding of the Riga ghetto, the transport was diverted to Kovno, where the deportees from Frankfurt, very probably including the Heimann couple, were murdered on 25 November 1941. Due to the "evacuation" from the Reich territory, the Deutsche Bank stopped pension payments on 1 March 1942, presumably several months after Alfred Heimann's murder.
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 01.08.1901 (Disconto-Gesellschaft)
end of employment: 31.03.1927

1889 - 1891 Weingroßhandlung Wolff (apprenticeship)
1891 - 1892 Firma Elsberg
1892 - 1895 Katzenstein und Benjamin
1895 - 1901 Rothschild und Söhne, Frankfurt
1901 - 1927 Disconto-Gesellschaft Frankfurt branch (correspondence and exchange department) 

last known addresses: until 1927 Frankfurt, Oberweg 54; 1927-1939 Wertheim, Eduard Uihlein Straße 7; since 6.6.1939 Frankfurt, Bäckersweg 19II; since 7.11.1939, Frankfurt, Gauss Straße 20 III
transport: 21./22.11.1941 Frankfurt - Riga
archival sources: HADB, P03/H0393; HADB, P03/H0412

Show content of Leiffmann, Rolf

first name(s), surname: (Herbert) Rolf Leiffmann
day of birth: 24.08.1909
birthplace: Berlin
day of death: 17.08.1942
place of death: Auschwitz
photo / document:
Leiffmann-Rolf--1931--300 Rolf Leiffmann 1931
Leiffmann-Rolf--Schreiben--300 Internal letter to Rolf Leiffmann dated 02.10.1936: "With reference to our agreement yesterday, according to which you will leave our services by 30 June 1937 at the latest. We will discuss the modalities with you later." (HADB, P03/L0454)

Rolf Leiffmann had close family ties to Deutsche Bank: he was born as one of three sons of the director of the Deutsche Bank headquarters in Berlin, Ludwig Leiffmann. He was also the nephew of board member Selmar Fehr (1923-1930) and his brother, Werner Leiffmann, was also a civil servant at the Deutsche Bank branch in Berlin. Leiffmann attended various schools in Berlin and Frankfurt am Main and, after an additional year of private tuition, completed his school career in 1925 with the Primarreife. His father, Ludwig Leiffmann, had already died in 1921 as a result of illness. After leaving school, Leiffmann completed an apprenticeship at the Frankfurt banking house J. Dreyfus & Co. and then worked for more than two years in securities trading at the private bank Carl Cahn in Berlin. In January 1931 he joined Deutsche Bank. In the Frankfurt branch he initially worked in various departments, and from 1934 permanently in the stock exchange department. Due to his Jewish origin, he was dismissed on 31 December 1936. Rolf Leiffmann and his brother Werner emigrated - probably in 1938/1939 - to the Netherlands and were deported from there to Auschwitz in 1942 and murdered.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 05.01.1931
end of employment: 31.12.1936
career: 01.10.1925 - 31.03.1928 J. Dreyfus & Co., Frankfurt am Main (apprenticeship, bank official)
01.05.1928 - 31.12.1930 Carl Cahn, Berlin (bank official)
05.01.1931 - 31.12.1936 Deutsche Bank (various departments, from 1934 stock exchange department)
last known address: Frankfurt am Main, Städelstraße 6
emigration/transport emigrated 1939 to Amsterdam
deported 1942 presumably Westerbork to Auschwitz
archival source: HADB, P03/L0454

Show content of Levystein, Julius

first name(s), surname: Julius Levystein
day of birth: 09.11.1892
birthplace: Worms
day of death: 16.05.1945
place of death: New York
photo / document:
Levystein-Julius--Foto-1931 Julius Levystein
Levystein-Julius--Telegram--300 Telegram from Julius Levystein from New York to Deutsche Bank dated 03.11.1941: "Asks whether it is possible to facilitate the passage and entry into Cuba for mother Jenny Levystein and sister Helene Levystein in return for a pension settlement agreement [...]". However, Deutsche Bank did not see itself in a position to make such an entry possible. (HADB, P03/L0445)

Julius Levystein was born the son of a merchant in Worms. After graduating from high school in 1908, he completed an apprenticeship at the banking house J. Dreyfus & Co. and moved to Dresdner Bank in Frankfurt am Main in 1913. Levystein managed the banking department of the metal trading company M. Lissauer & Cie in Cologne for three years before joining Disconto-Gesellschaft in 1921. There he worked in foreign exchange trading, was appointed authorised signatory in 1922 and became head of the department in 1926. After the merger with Deutsche Bank in 1929, Levystein first worked in the management office and then became co-head of the correspondence department. Due to his Jewish origin, he was prematurely retired on 1 July 1938 at the age of 45. The following year he emigrated to England and later to New York. He was not married and had no children, but supported his mother and sister in Germany with his pension payments. On 1 December 1941, pension payments to Levystein were stopped. He died shortly after the German surrender in 1945.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 01.09.1921 (Disconto-Gesellschaft)
end of employment: 30.06.1938
career: 01.04.1908 - 01.04.1910 J. Dreyfus & Co., Frankfurt am Main (apprenticeship)
01.10.1913 - 1918 Dresdner Bank, Frankfurt am Main (various departments)
01.07.1918 - 1921 M. Lirsaauer & Co., Cologne (head of banking department)
01.09.1921 - 01.11.1928 Disconto-Gesellschaft (foreign exchange trade department, from 1922 attorney, from 1926 head of the foreign exchange trade department)
1929 - 1938 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft (Director's Office, from February 1930 co-head correspondence department)
emigration: 1939 to England
1940 to New York
archival source: HADB, P03/L0445