Show content of André, Erich

first name(s), surname: Erich André
day of birth: 27.07.1904
birthplace: Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen)
day of death: 04.12.1942
place of death: Auschwitz
photo / document:
André_Erich_300 Erich André in 1935
andre-erich-letter-300 Letter from Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft, Central Personnel Department, to Aachen Branch dated 22 September 1937: "Regarding your letter of 21st instance we regret to inform you that we are not in a position to change any of the conditions related to the departure of Mr Erich André."
(HADB, F056/0006)

The son of Norbert André, a master butcher, finished school with an upper secondary school leaving certificate and then began an apprenticeship at the Deutsche Bank Aachen branch, which employed him permanently after he had completed his education. Following his forced departure from the bank at the end of 1937, he emigrated in 1939, first to Antwerp and later to France, where he was sent to the Saint-Cyprien internment camp in May 1940. From there he was taken to the Camp de Rivesaltes in 1942 and a little later to the Drancy collection camp, from where he was deported to Auschwitz in November 1942 and murdered a month later.

Erich André had been a member of the Alemannia Aachen sports club since 1919. He was a founding member of the youth section and later served, among other things, as a member of the match committee.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 01.07.1921
end of employment: 31.12.1937
career: 01.07.1921 - 30.09.1923 Deutsche Bank Filiale Aachen (apprenticeship)
01.10.1923 - 31.12.1937 Deutsche Bank Aachen branch (current account department)
last known address: Aachen, Thomashofstraße 17, "Stolperstein" (literally “stumbling stone or block”, metal cobblestone commemorating an individual victim of Nazism) laid on 6 February 2019 on the initiative of "Interessengemeinschaft der Alemannia Fans und Fan Club e.V." in cooperation with "TSV Alemannia Aachen" 
transports: 04.11.1942 Drancy (France) - Auschwitz
archival sources: HADB, F056/0006
literature: Harold James, The Deutsche Bank and the Economic War Against the Jews, p. 111f.

Show content of Assenheim, Wilhelm

first name(s), surname: Wilhelm Assenheim
day of birth: 27.05.1878
birthplace: Offenbach
day of death: 31.03.1942
place of death: Litzmannstadt ghetto
Assenheim, Wilhelm, Schreiben aus Getto Litzmannstadt 1941_800 Last letter retained from Wilhelm Assenheim to Deutsche Bank Frankfurt branch dated 24 October 1941:
"I would like you to transfer pension payments due to me to my new address: Litzmannstadt ghetto Warthegau, Rembrandtstrasse 10, previous Frankfurt Main Liebigstrasse 41, Wilhelm Israel Assenheim, identification number A02863"
(HADB, P3/A180)

Wilhelm Assenheim completed an apprenticeship as well as his first professional years in the Jewish banking house Siegmund Merzbach in his hometown Offenbach. He then moved to the Baruch Bonn bank in neighbouring Frankfurt. In 1908 Assenheim joined Pfälzische Bank’s branch in Frankfurt, which Deutsche Bank took over in 1922, as an attorney. Shortly after marking his 25th year of service (the time at the previous institute was always taken into account), Assenheim was compulsorily retired due to his Jewish origins. Assenheim held a power of attorney for the account of his former line manager, Eduard Rothschild, who was also Jewish. After Rothschild’s emigration, Assenheim was able to use this to transfer monthly support payments from a special account to Rothschild’s relatives who remained in Germany. In October 1941 Wilhelm Assenheim was deported to the Litzmannstadt ghetto. From there he asked Deutsche Bank to continue paying his pension. However, in accordance with National Socialist legislation, this had already been stopped at the moment of his deportation.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 1908
end of employment: 1934

01.04.1894 - 31.03.1896 S. Merzbach, Offenbach (apprenticeship)
01.04.1896 - 31.12.1899 S. Merzbach, Offenbach
01.01.1900 - 30.06.1908 Bankgeschäft Baruch Bonn, Frankfurt am Main (1905 attorney)
01.07.1908 - 31.03.1922 Pfälzische Bank Filiale Frankfurt am Main (1920 attorney)
01.04.1922 - 31.12.1933 Deutsche Bank Filiale Frankfurt am (1925 - 1933 attorney)

last known address: Frankfurt am Main, Liebigstrasse 41
transports: 19.10.1941 Frankfurt am Main – Litzmannstadt (Lodz) 
archival sources: HADB, P3/A144; HADB, P3/A180

Show content of Badmann, Max

first name(s), surname: Max Badmann
day of birth: 01.11.1866
birthplace: Frankfurt am Main
day of death: 25.05.1942
place of death: Litzmannstadt (Lodz) 
Badmann-Max_21.01.1941_Breite 400 dotCMS Last letter retained from Max Badmann to Deutsche Bank Frankfurt branch dated 21 January 1941: "I would be obliged if you could prepareYou would oblige me to thank you if you would prepare a statement for the tax office about my pension payments in 1940, stating the deductions for wage tax and war tax surcharge. I will take the liberty of visiting you at the beginning of February and taking receipt ofreceiving the document in question."
(HADB, P03/B0023)
life: Max Badmann completed an apprenticeship in 1883 at the E. Ladenburg banking house, which had been established in Frankfurt since 1848. Its headquarters were located at Junghofstraße 14. In 1930, the bank was merged into the neighbouring Deutsche Bank Frankfurt branch. Badmann retired in the same year. He last worked as an authorised signatory for the bank He received a monthly pension of RM 400. He had been married to Minnie Hall (born 10.09.1875 - unknown date of death) since 1908. His wife ran the Anna Höchberg shop for ladies' fashions at Kaiserstraße 15 in Frankfurt until the end of 1938. The couple lived at Böhmerstrasse 20 in Frankfurt’s Westend district from 1934 to 1941. Their son, Julius, (born 21.12.1908) immigrated to Brazil in 1939. At the end of 1941, Max Badmann and his wife were deported to the Litzmannstadt (Lodz) ghetto, where he died a few months later. Deutsche Bank stopped pension payments at the moment of deportation, as demanded by National Socialist laws.
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 25.02.1905 (E. Ladenburg)
end of employment: 01.10.1930
career: 1883 - 1930 E. Ladenburg Frankfurt a. M. (1930 takeover of Deutsche Bank)
last known addresses: Frankfurt am Main, until 1933 Oberlindau 98;
1934 - 1941 Böhmerstraße 20, "Stolperstein" (literally “stumbling stone or block”, metal cobblestone commemorating an individual victim of Nazism) laid in September 2021 on the initiative of Deutsche Bank;
1941 until deportation Mainzer Landstraße 32
transports: 19.10.1941 Frankfurt am Main – Litzmannstadt (Lodz) 
archival sources: HADB, P03/B0023

Show content of Baum, Hanni

first name(s), surname: Hanni Baum
day of birth: 13.05.1911
birthplace: Kneuttingen/Lorraine
day of death: unknown, after 1957
place of death: unknown, presumably in the US
photo / document:
Baum_ Hanni_300 Hanni Baum in 1928
baum-hanni-letter-300 Letter from the Kaiserslautern branch of Rheinische Kreditbank, a successor of Deutsche Bank, to the Landesbezirksstelle für Wiedergutmachung [local compensation authority] of 18 January 1952:
"The dismissal because of non-Aryan descent took place [...] at the instigation of the Deutsche Arbeitsfront [German Labour Front], which repeatedly reproached us for employing a Jew and only relented after we had carried out the dismissal."
(HADB, P46/B0001)
life: After attending a secondary school, the daughter of a merchant completed an apprenticeship in the building materials business Kopp & Krauß in 1927/28 before taking a job as a telephone operator and stenographer at the Süddeutsche-Disconto-Gesellschaft in Kaiserslautern, which was merged into the Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft the following year. After her forced dismissal, she emigrated to the United States. In the 1950s she lived in New York and had taken the name Strauss through marriage.
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 12.06.1928
end of employment: 31.10.1937
career: 12.06.1928 - 29.10.1929 Süddeutsche Disconto-Gesellschaft Kaiserslautern branch 
29.10.1929 - 31.10.1937 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft Kaiserslautern branch
last known address: Kaiserslautern, Pirmasenserstraße 28
emigration: after 1938
archival sources: HADB, P46/B0001

Show content of Bodenheimer, Fritz

first name(s), surname: Fritz Bodenheimer
day of birth: 28.11.1893
birthplace: Darmstadt
day of death: 20.11.1961
place of death: Randallstown/Maryland, USA
photo / document:
Bodenheimer-Fritz-300 Fritz Bodenheimer 1922
Bodenheimer-Fritz-letter-300 Annual Reviews of Fritz Bodenheimer from the years 1922 to 1929: "1926: In our opinion, the hardest working and most capable employee of the Darmstadt management."
(HADB, P03/B0890)

Fritz Bodenheimer was the son of a Darmstadt merchant (co-owner of the firm H. Bodenheimer). After several positions in regional Hessian banks, Bodenheimer joined the Darmstadt branch of the Disconto-Gesellschaft in 1922 as deputy director. In 1927 he moved to the Giessen branch as director. He kept this position after the merger of Disconto-Gesellschaft with Deutsche Bank. In 1931 Bodenheimer left the bank at his own request to take up a director post at the Frankfurt branch of the auditing company “Deutsche Treuhand AG für Warenverkehr”. Married to Rosi Bender, the daughter of a stockbroker, in 1923, Fritz Bodenheimer immigrated to the United States with his family, presumably in 1938.

joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 01.01.1922 (Disconto-Gesellschaft)
end of employment: 31.03.1931

1910 - 1912 Isaac Fulda, Mainz (apprenticeship)
1912 - 1914 Isaac Fulda, Mainz (correspondence department, cashier)
1914 - 1918 Military service in the First World War
1919 Hessischer Bankverein Gießen branch
1920 - 1921 J. Lehmann, Darmstadt (attorney and co-owner)
01.01.1922 - 10.07.1927 Disconto-Gesellschaft Darmstadt branch (co-head)
11.07.1927 - 29.10.1929 Disconto-Gesellschaft Gießen branch (director)
29.10.1929 - 31.03.1931 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft Gießen branch (director)
01.04.1931 - 1938 Deutsche Treuhand AG für Warenverkehr, Frankfurt branch (director)

last known address: Frankfurt am Main, Wehrheimerstraße 3
emigration: presumably 1938 to the United States
archival sources: HADB, P03/B0890

Show content of Frank, Theodor

first name(s), surname: Theodor Frank
day of birth: 10.04.1871
birthplace: Grethen (Pfalz)
day of death: 28.10.1953
place of death: Zürich
photo / document:
Frank-Theodor-300 Theodor Frank around 1930
Frank-Theodor-Schreiben-300 Letter from Theodor Frank to Executive Board member Fritz Wintermantel dated 27.10.1947 requesting assistance in resuming pension payments (HADB, P01/0018)
life: detailed biography
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 1888 (W. H. Ladenburg & Söhne)
end of employment: 1933
career: 1886 - 1888 apprenticeship at a private bank in Karlsruhe
1888 - 1904 W.H. Ladenburg & Söhne, Mannheim
1904 - 1922 deputy director / director of Süddeutsche Disconto-Gesellschaft
1922 - 1929 joint proprietor of Disconto-Gesellschaft
1929 - 1933 Management Board member of Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft
1933 - 1938 member (until 1936 deputy head) of the Berlin-Brandenburg Advisory Board
last known address: Berlin, Wielandstraße 25-26, (before that Lützowplatz 13 resp. 7); Geltow, Auf dem Franzensberg 1-3
emigration: 23.10.1937 to Belgium, later to France
archival sources: HADB, P01/0017; HADB, P01/0018

Show content of Fried, Franz

first name(s), surname: Franz Fried
day of birth: 26.12.1885
birthplace: Dřevohostice (Moravia)
day of death: probably 04.12.1941
place of death: Riga
photo / document:
Fried, Franz  1928_x300 Franz Fried as Head of the Vaihingen sub-branch in 1928
Fried_Franz_Letter_300 Memorandum from January 30th, 1928: "Our branch in Frankfurt am Main is looking for a manager to run its city sub-branch Konstablerwache. He should be suitable for the lively business dealings with the mostly Jewish clientele and therefore belong to the Mosaic religion himself."
(HADB, P07/F0006)
life: The son of a landowner in Moravia, Franz Fried came to Württemberg after leaving school. He retained his Austrian citizenship rights and also served in the Austrian army during the First World War. After 1918 he received citizenship of Czechoslovakia. After holding several positions at the private bank Stahl & Federer, Franz Fried switched to Disconto-Gesellschaft in 1919 and became head of its branch in Vaihingen, near Stuttgart. He kept this position after the merger of the Disconto-Gesellschaft with Deutsche Bank until his forced retirement in 1938. Since it was common at that time for the manager of a branch to live in the bank building, he had to give up his official residence at the moment of his dismissal. At the end of November 1941 he was deported to Riga with his wife Henriette. Presumably both were murdered there immediately after their arrival.
joined Deutsche Bank (or precursor): 08.09.1919
end of employment: 05.05.1938
career: 25.05.1906 - 31.12.1906 Emil Ruoff, Reutlingen (trainee)
01.07.1907 - 31.10.1909 Stahl & Federer; Reutlingen und Pfullingen (attorney)
01.11.1909 - 28.07.1914 Stahl & Federer; Zuffenhausen; Heilbronn; Ravensburg; Pfullingen and Schwäbisch Gmünd (attorney)
1914 - 1918 service in the Austrian army
29.12.1918 - 07.09.1919 Stahl & Federer; Stuttgart (attorney)
08.09.1919 - 28.10.1929 Disconto-Gesellschaft Vaihingen branch (head)
29.10.1929 - 01.10.1937 Deutsche Bank und Disconto-Gesellschaft Vaihingen branch (head)
01.10.1937 - 05.05.1938 Deutsche Bank Vaihingen branch (head)
last known address:

1919 - 1938 Vaihingen, Hauptstraße 11 (residence in the branch building), "Stolperstein" (literally “stumbling stone or block”, metal cobblestone commemorating an individual victim of Nazism) laid on November 10th, 2006
1938 - 1941 Vaihingen, Forststraße 45

transport: 28.11.1941 Stuttgart – Riga
archival sources: HADB, P07/F0006; HADB, P2a/F0001